1 Samuel Week Long Study

Fast Facts about I Samuel

  • Authors: Samuel (10:25), and probably Nathan and Gad (I Chronicles 29:29)
  • Circa 10th Century B.C.
  • Leadership changes from Judges to Kings
  • The Philistines are the Israelites Chief Rival for Power in the Promise Land
  • Fact 5 (your choice)


MondayRead I Samuel 1-7


The Story of I Samuel

The book of I Samuel begins where the book of Judges ends: with God’s people doing as each thought was right and with no consistent leadership. But God was about to change all that. Our story begins with Hanna the wife of a godly man, but who is also barren and desperate for a child. She pleads and bargains with God to intervene. The Lord hears her cries and Samuel is conceived. Shortly after he is weaned, and in keeping with her promise, Hannah takes the boy to Shiloh to be raised by Eli the priest. Samuel would become the last and perhaps greatest judge of ancient Israel. As Samuel grows older he appoints his sons as judges, but they are no better than Eli’s sons.

The people clamor for a king. Though angered at their rejection of Him as King, God consents and gives them Saul from a small clan in the tribe of Benjamin. Physically Saul looks the part, and he does become a great warrior, but he has no experience, no training, little faith, and a terribly hard heart. Saul’s poor traits surface almost immediately, causing God to reject and even torment him in favor of David; a man after God’s own heart (13:4). After David defeats Goliath Saul became increasingly jealous of our hero. David fought when Saul should have. The musicians elevated David over Saul in song. His eldest son was David’s best friend. All of Israel praised the shepherd turned commander. But Saul hated him. The rest of the book depicts David’s rise from obscure shepherd to leader of God’s chosen people, and details his victories and struggles with Israel’s enemies and the still enthroned Saul. I Samuel contains wickedness and righteousness; love and hate. Within its ages you will find courage and fear; rising and falling. It is both a glorious and sad tale, but one of the greatest in all of Scripture.

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